Best Tourist Spot

Exploring Nalanda, ancient world’s greatest center of learning in India

Exploring Nalanda, ancient world’s greatest center of learning in India

Nalanda, known as one of the greatest centers of learning in ancient times, is located in Bihar, and makes for an interesting place to visit. Situated around 72 km away from the city, this small village is part of the Buddhist Circuit that also includes Rajgir and Bodh Gaya. Reaching this spot also won’t be a hassle as it has a good network of roads.

All about its history

This ancient site of learning was founded in the 5th century AD, where one can now find the remains of the great university, along with many temples, monasteries, and viharas that were built by different kings.

As per the records, Buddha visited Nalanda several times during his lifetime, however, it shot to fame as a centre of Buddhist learning much later. If records are to go by, it’s this first residential international university of the world, where around 2000 teachers and 10000 students lived and studied.

The university managed to remain in prominence till 12 century AD, when the Afghans attacked the region and burnt down this great university.

Best time to visit

Since it’s set in the Gangetic plains, the temperature during summer can reach a maximum of 37.8°C, whereas during winters, the temperature can go up to 27.8°C. So, it’s advised that you plan your trip during winters for a relaxed trip.

How to reach?

By air – The nearest airport is in Patna which is around 89 km away, from where you can get regular connecting to Delhi, Kolkata, Ranchi, Varanasi, Mumbai, Lucknow, and Kathmandu.

By rail – The nearest railway station is around12 km away in Rajgir, from where you can easily take trains for Kolkata, Delhi, Varanasi, and some of the major centers in eastern India.

By road – Nalanda is well-connected through a good road network, so planning a road trip to this place will also be a great idea.

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